persian cat
persian cat
Persian Cat characteristics
Persian Cat Attributes
History of Persian Cat
Persian Cat Appearance
Persian Cat Personality
Persian Cat Health
Persian Cat Care
Persian Cat Food and Diet
Pros and Cons adopting Persian Cat
10 Interesting facts about Persian Cat

Persian Cat characteristics

COUNTRY OF ORIGINUnited States of America
WEIGHT7 to 12 pounds
LENGTHAbout 14 to 18 inches
FUR COLORSolid (white, black, cream, etc.), tabby, calico, bi-color, silver and gold, shaded and smoke, and Himalayan
EYE COLORBlue, green, blue-green, hazel, copper
LONGEVITY10 to 17 years

Persian Cat Attributes


History of Persian Cat

As a favored breed, Persians have experienced a long reign and have been featuring prominently since 1871. For even more than 125 years, Persians have been active. In the mid-to-late 1500s, longhaired cats, like the predecessors of the present Persian and Angora types, were first seen in Europe, brought, according to records of the period, by Roman and Phoenician caravans from Persia (now Iran) and Turkey. In Persia’s cold mountainous areas, researchers assume the recessive gene for long hair spontaneously emerged through mutation in the cat population.

It is credited with introducing Persian cats to the European world in the 1600s by an Italian traveler called Pietro Della Valle (1586-1652). The manuscript, Voyages de Pietro Della Valle, discusses both Angora and Persian cats. He identified the Persians as grey with a very long, silky, glossy fur. He noted that the cats existed in the province of Khorasan in Persia and that the Portuguese originated from India.

Other travelers carried into France and then into England Persian and Angora animals, allowing them for several years to be named “French cats.” In Britain, these cats have quickly become famous. The Turkish Angora and Persian varieties (among others) were widely mixed during this period and for centuries after. For their silky white fur, Angoras were chosen at first. The British finally began to prefer the stockier edition, however. By 1871, it was possible to see distinctions between the Persian and the Angora, the former being stockier with short, rounded faces, and the latter being slim and tall.

The early 1900s increasingly shared the Persians. Mostly ordinary were the Blue Persians, perhaps because Queen Victoria was the proud parent of two dogs. In the early 1900s, it was determined that the Persians would be recognized simply as Longhairs, as well as the Angora and Russian Longhairs, a strategy that persists today. In Britain, each color is called a different breed.

In the late 1800s, Persians were introduced to America, where they were greeted enthusiastically. The Persian easily put the contest back and quickly claimed the role of the top pet. The American Persian produced a distinctive look and developed into the kind that we see today. In North America, they are by far the most common pedigree breed. In North America, irrespective of color, the Persian is considered a single species. The distinctions within the breed are shades and shapes.

Persian Cat Appearance


Substantial and classy. Average to broad in scale. The prominence of the shoulder

Blades. Blades. Back not straight, slightly upward towards the hips. Hip Medium

Height, conspicuous, marginally higher than the sloping shoulder to the bottom.

Tail, Deep flank, broad chest. Primordial belly bag.


Mid-sized, deeply hooded fuzzy triangle. Bushy’s brow. Deep-set, one of them

The diameter of the eye apart. Gold, brown, or gooseberry green eye color.


Both shades of Brown Spotted Tabby; mouse coat; inverted ticking; color.

Color of the throat to the belly; paw pads/hocks dark brown/black; the tail tip is generally dark brown/black; white or cream band must cover the eye; mascara.

Marking down the cheek from the outer corner. Small pattern to be used

Medium spots; silenced by ticking; random spotting.


Medium to big inverted pears. Chin is well-developed. Wide, broad muzzle.

Fleshy was softly rounded with whisker pads. Definite break in a whisker. Nose Nose

Broad, slightly convex. A slight bump in the nose. Lightly squared forehead;

Concave curve, eye ridge to the nose bridge.


Legs straight, back legs even longer. Heavy bone muscular. Feet. Feet

Big, long, wide, almost oval, broad, fleshy toes. Both toes, except for dew

The claws must rest on the floor and point forward—a total of seven toes.


Medium, less than two inches (5 cm). Belly’s hair is thinner. The texture is fuzzy, lying.

Closer to the body than to the shorthair. It’s semi-dense. Coat, color, and style

A subsidiary of type. The facial hair of both coats is full and bushy, with the downside.

The pattern of development. Coat separates readily and is temperature tolerant.


Medium height, comprehensive, deep foundation. Set as far to the side as to the top of the head,

A gentle upward incline.


The tail bone is typically a minimum of two inches, full hog length.

Extended leg. Any of them have an articulated tail, kinks, and curls.



A tiny bit of stand-up coat. Belly’s hair is thinner. Texture light and woolly.

Loft. Loft. It’s resilient to the touch. Coat, color, and pattern are secondary to

Type of it. Both facial hair coats are complete and bushy, with downward development.

It’s a trend. The coat is easy to separate and weather resistant.

Persian Cat Personality

Do not foster a Persian if you like your cats jumping about like hyperactive popcorn. The Persians, if you prefer calm, sweet-tempered cats, are great companions. However, do not count on using your Persian pal as a fuzzy doorstop. They enjoy playing on your beloved davenport between times of regal lounging. Proponents claim that Persians do not earn their furniture-with-fur image; they are wise but not as curious about other breeds and not as active.

Persians are loyal to their nation, but in awarding the honor, they may be selective. You must win their affection and confidence. They crave to be petted and fussed with compassion and kindness, but they will not bug you for attention the way other breeds will. However, they may let their feelings be known if they do not get the necessary amount of consideration.

Persians need a considerable investment of time. To keep it in good shape and clear of mats, the beautiful coat needs regular grooming. Many Persians require professional grooming.

Persian Cat Health

Like other purebred cats, Persians are vulnerable to various health problems perpetuated by selective breeding patterns. Many of these conditions are specifically related to the chosen facial form of pedigreed Persians. Still, they can also have hereditary health problems that are not associated with their physical characteristics. It is essential to keep a close watch on Persians so that any health problems are caught and handled early.

Although conscientious breeders take precautions to minimize the spread of common health problems within their litters, no breeder can confidently tell that their cats are fully disease-free or disease-free. Famous health problems to be considered among Persian cats include:

  • Polycystic kidney disorder, a hereditary condition involving one or both kidneys that usually begins to exhibit symptoms when the cat is around 7 to 10 years of age.
  • Breathing problems and respiratory discomfort caused by snub noses.
  • Skin disorders, including gradual retinal atrophy, protrusion of the eyelid (cherry eye), and bending of the inner eyelid (entropion)
  • Excessive watering of the eyes
  • Bladder stones and bladder failure
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, thickening of the muscle walls of the heart
  • Liver shunts, a condition that reduces blood supply to the liver that can induce runny appearance, bladder stones, and anemia.
  • The sensitivity of the sun

Persian Cat Care

It should come as no surprise that Persian cats need a lot of daily grooming because of their long coats. Without it, the Persian coats will quickly get twisted and matt, which could be painful. It is advised that Persians be washed once a day and given monthly baths to preserve their brilliance and softness.

Eyes should also be washed regularly to avoid unnecessary watering of stains. As for all cats, regular dental grooming should be practiced infrequent or weekly dental cleaning. Standard nail trim is also required.

Generally, Persians are known to be high-maintenance dogs when it comes to grooming. Since their skins don’t naturally shed dirt and other debris, it’s up to their human carers to make sure they remain soft and tidy to keep them indoors. Persians like to be held in clean conditions, so it’s also essential to clean their litter box every day.

Persians are not the most energetic or playful cat breeds. A Persian would have liked to find a comfortable, warm place to rest. It may often generate an odd burst of energy, but this is usually accompanied by a long catnap with the relatively little operation. This breed is a slower learner and is not considered a mainly training cat. It would like to watch rather than engage in the activities

Persian Cat Food and Diet

Persian cats seem to be picky eaters, but they’re going to eat well when they see something they want. Their diet should be rich in protein and fiber and low in fat and can be warm, dry, raw, or a combination of two or more forms.

Since Persian cats are not especially active, be careful not to overfeed them, as their inactivity will lead to weight gain and obesity. The feed is set twice a day instead of leaving food out of time to limit overeating. Some Persians may have trouble consuming food in specific shapes or sizes due to their flat faces because if a Persian does not feed, it may involve a modification in the composition of the food.

Pros and Cons adopting Persian Cat

  • Close links to the human family

  • A distinctive, royal look with fluffy, downy hair.

  • It doesn’t need a lot of exercise or enrichment, just a comfortable lap or a cozy place to rest.

  • More predisposed to kidney and urinary diseases, skin disease, and respiratory complications.

  • Slow learner, not an easily taught cat.

  • Needs frequent bath and daily hair brushing.

10 Interesting facts about Persian Cat

Persians are one of the most recognizable cat breeds globally with their trademark oval noses, stocky bodies, and sumptuous coats. Here’s a couple of facts about the fancy feline.


Like many breeds, the origins of the Persian cat are a mystery. According to some accounts, longhaired cats have lived in the Middle East for thousands of years, although evidence suggests that kitties have genetics in common with Western Europe cats.

While nobody knows when or how the rest of the world found Persian cats, one standard version is that the luxuriously fluffy feline was imported to Western Europe by an Italian called Pietro Della Valle. Della Valle was a prominent nobleman who traveled widely in the Holy Land, the Middle East, Northern Africa, and India. In 1620, Della Valle traveled across Persia — now known as Iran — and likened to the wild, longhaired grey cats he spotted in the bazaar. He bought four pairs of them and took them home to Europe. Of course, sailors, traders, or merchants may even have brought Persians from the Middle East to the Continent.

2. They became the first Pet Exhibition in the country.

More than 250 years later, Persians stormed London when the breed was displayed at the first pet exhibition held in the world in 1871 at the Crystal Palace. The day-long show also included Siamese cats, Scottish Feral Cats, and Manxes, among other exotic felines. Proving that cats were famous well before the Internet, the event attracted more than 20,000 people. It shouldn’t come as a surprise to anybody that a Persian kitten won “Best in Show.”


Sometime after 1895, Persians had been introduced to the United States. In 1906, the Cat Fanciers’ Association was founded in America, and Persian was one of the first cats to be registered. Today, Persian is one of the most common cats in the United States of America.


Throughout history, several prominent personalities have been owned by Persian cats. Florence Nightingale had 60 cats in her lifetime and was sprinkled with a beautiful Persian called Mr. Bismarck. Marilyn Monroe was the trainer of a white Persian cat named Mitsou. Raymond Chandler allegedly read the first draughts of his novels to his most discerning reviewer; the black Persian called Taki.

5. They’re low-maintenance.

Persians might appear stuffy and aloof, but they are indeed known to be one of the lowest-maintenance — and friendliest — cat breeds.

6. They come in Various Shapes, Colours, and Flavors.

Although iconic pop culture Persians are usually white or silver (think Fancy Feast Cat), the breed comes in several colors and shades. From tortoiseshell and calico to brown, grey, and black-and-white, the variations are abundant. Other Persian sub-variants include doll and teacup sizes, Himalayan — a hybrid between Persian and Siamese — and Chinchilla Longhairs, with pointed noses and black-tipped fur.

7. It’s POP CULTURE Classics.

Speaking of Mr. Bigglesworth and the Fancy Feast cat, Persian is perhaps one of the most well-represented races in popular culture. James Bond supervillain Ernst Stavro Blofield and his spoof of the alter-ego, Dr. Bad, all enjoy stroking their blonde, blue-eyed Persians. (Spoiler alert: Mr. Bigglesworth ‘s lush hair freezes in a sad — yet funny — plot twist.) The 2001 movie Cats & Dogs features a diabolical Persian called Kitty Galore. Often, the Pokémon species is named after the Persian.


The most distinguishing attribute of the Persian after its coat is its flat profile. However, the breed has not always had a squinted expression. Persians once had a more pronounced muzzle, but in the 1950s, a genetic error prompted the birth of a lot of kittens with scrunched features. Breeders enjoyed the aesthetics, and over the years, they used selective breeding to tap the cat’s silhouette.

Some kitties, called “traditional” or “doll-face” Persians, also look like their pointed ancestors. Others have a “peke-face” or an “ultra-face” representing the kind of smush-in mug that Persian is famous for today. The Cat Fanciers’ Association finds the Peke or Ultra-Face Persian to be the breed’s new standard. But it comes at a price: Persians with this feature have runny eyes, labored breathing, and sometimes fail to consume their food.


Persians look a lot like Turkish Angoras, another breed of furry feline from the Mediterranean to Europe in the 1500s. The two were cross-bred over the years to enhance the Persian cat’s coat — so much so that the breed was almost extinct. Turkey has set up breeding programs to help conserve Angora. The Persians have a stockier frame, a more massive head, rounder eyes, and a somewhat longer muzzle, whereas the Turkish Angoras have lithic legs, pointed ears, and a plume-like tail.

10. They were immortalized in literature.

Recently, a 6-by-8.5-foot artwork purported to be “the biggest cat painting in the world” sold at auction for more than $820,000. The late 19th century’s oil painting is called My Wife’s Lovers, and it once belonged to a wealthy philanthropist who commissioned the artist to paint a broad array of Turkish Angoras and Persians. Other familiar Persian paintings include White Persian Cat by famous folk artist Warren Kimble and Two White Persian Cats The Goldfish Bowl by late feline portraitist Arthur Heyer.


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