Siberian cat
Siberian cat
Siberian Cat characteristics
Siberian Cat Attributes
History of Siberian Cat
Siberian Cat Appearance
Siberian Cat Personality
Siberian Cat Health
Siberian Cat Care
Siberian Cat Food and Diet
Pros and Cons adopting Siberian Cat
10 Interesting facts about Siberian Cat

Siberian Cat characteristics

WEIGHT10 to 20 pounds
LENGTH17 to 25 inches
FURVaries from coarse to soft; triple coat with a full collar ruff; relatively long to long-haired;
FUR COLORAny mix or pattern of colors
EYE COLORAll colors
LONGEVITY10 to 18 years

Siberian Cat Attributes


History of Siberian Cat

This breed may be new to North America, but it is far from unique in the world. For several hundreds of years, longhaired Russian cats have been around. It is not clear precisely when and how longhaired cats make their way to Siberia. However, it is believed that with Russian emigrants, the breed arrived. According to some Siberian fanciers, Russians immigrating (or being exiled) to Siberia have taken their pets with them. The longhair mutation seems to have arisen in three distinct regions: Russia, Persia (Iran), and Asia Minor (Turkey). It is probable, though, that the longhair mutation initially arose in Russia and that Russian Longhairs migrated from Russia to Turkey, crossbreeding into Angora with local cats, and into Persia, crossbreeding into Persian with local cats. If so, both longhairs are formed from longhairs of Russian descent.

In domestic cats, long hair tends to be an adaptation to the cold, and in Siberia, it’s cold. These cats were created, or gained by breeding with the local cats, longer fur, all-weather coats, and broader, stockier bodies because of the relentless environment. The cats endured and transformed into a hardy, longhaired type capable of withstanding the region’s unforgiving conditions.

According to Russian tales, Siberian cats once weighed up to 45 pounds and defended their human partners and homes. He mentioned in the chapter on longhaired cats in Harrison Weir’s 1889 novel, Our Cats and Everything About Them, the varieties of longhaired cats that lived in his day and were seen at the Crystal Palace in London in July 1871 in his popular modern cat exhibition, the Russian, Angora, Persian, and Indian. Weir, regarded as the Founder of the Cat Fancy, wrote that in a multitude of respects, the Russian Longhair varies from Angoras and Persians, including its greater height, longer mane, large conspicuous bright orange eyes, and its broad, dark, woolly textured coat, including the tail thickly filled with rather a shaggy fur. However, Siberians may or may not have been the Russian longhairs who shared the limelight at the exhibition because evidently, no records of these cats were held at that period in Russia.

Until the 1980s, because of accommodation and food scarcity, the government of the former Soviet Union prohibited its residents from owning domestic dogs. The government abolished house pets’ limits in 1987, and breeders and fanciers established cat clubs and started to maintain records of breeding. In 1988, in Moscow, the first Russian cat show was performed. On June 28, 1990, Terrell sent four Himalayans to Nelli Sachuk and received three Siberians in exchange: one male (Kaliostro Vasenjkovich) and two females (Ofelia Romanova and Naina Romanova). Soon after, she got the metrukas (birth certificates) of the kittens, which detailed their names, birth dates, and colors, and patterns. The Siberian had captivated Terrell’s heartstrings and purse strings long ago. She invested thousands of dollars and spent several hours obtaining more cats and building up the Siberian in America as a recognized breed. Just a month after Elizabeth Terrell received her Siberians, breeder David Boehm imported his own Siberian’s selection. He booked a trip to Russia instead of waiting for the cats to be delivered and purchased any Siberian he could buy. He returned on July 4 with a set of fifteen cats. His Siberians in North America created the first litter and were invaluable in expanding the Siberian gene pool.

Siberian Cat Appearance


The torso is medium in length and well-muscled, with a barrel-shaped, compact abdomen offering a sense of substantial weight with the back arched somewhat higher than the shoulders. It is necessary to have in the lower abdomen a soft stomach pad or starvation pouch. Boning is needed. The muscles are heavy and solid.


Mid to enormous, almost all round. Slightly bent toward the base of the Chin was the outer corner. The eyes can be separated by more than one look and be free, alert, and articulate. Except for blue eyes’ color spots, there is no correlation between the hue of the skin and the coat/color pattern—variations of green, gold, green, or copper- may be the eyes’ color. The eyes of black cats and white cats may be blue or strange.


With or without a white color, both shades and combinations are approved. White is permitted in all quantities and all fields. Tabbies are black or white on the Chin, breast, and stomach. They all allow buttons, spots, and slots. The most appealing are powerful colors and direct forms. The tarnishing of silver is not penalized.


Medium / large modified wedge with square contours proportional to the body in a reasonable proportion. The head is more massive and narrows slightly to a full-length muzzle at the top of the skull. Neither tall nor prominent are the cheekbones. There may be a thin dome behind the ears and almost a flat mask on the forehead. In keeping with the nose, Chin is well-rounded, though not protruding.


There’s a comparatively small, full, round muzzle. The muzzle is noticeably curved, but the transition from the side of the head to the muzzle is gentle and unnoticeable. The top of the head is almost flat, with, as seen in the profile, a small curvature of the nose from the forehead to the nose and a slight concave curvature in front of the tip—rounded, plump, well-muscled head.


Average thigh weight. A solid bone should be in the legs, and the hind legs should be wider than the front legs. The feet are wide and round, and it is desirable to have toe tufts.


Triple-coat animal, moderately long to long-haired. The hair can be thicker and slightly thinner on the shoulder blades and the breast’s lower portion. In adults, abundant, full necklace ruffs set off the head. Allow yourself a warm-weather hat. The hair on the abdomen and britches is thickened to curls, but a wavy coat is not distinctive. Depending on the paint, the texture ranges from coarse to smooth. In cold weather, the undercoat (for adult cats) is tighter and thicker.


Medium-wide, circular, shallow at the root, tilting slightly forward. On the sides of the head and the top of the head, the ears can be both. The hair is thin and low at the rear of the ear. The furniture from the center of the ear is longer and hits the ear’s base. Your ears are allowed to tip.


Average length, much less than the body’s size. It should be broad at the root, tapering gently to a blunt tip without thickening or kinks, furnished uniformly and thickly.

Siberian Cat Personality

Siberians are caring for cats with a healthy dose of playfulness and attitude. They are quick to handle, and it is noted that Siberians are fascinated with water, often dropping toys in their water dishes or examining bathtubs until they are safe. Siberians appear to be creative, with the desire to solve challenges to achieve what they want.

They are very agile and outstanding jumpers, given their height, and leap high bookcases in a single bound. Siberians are more individual-oriented, and they prefer to stick loyal to their owners. They’ll greet you at the door when you get home and tell you about their day and want to know about theirs.

The Siberians are talkative, though not as chatty as the Oriental races; they express themselves with silent meows, trills, chirps, and a lot of motorboat-like purring. They like to sit on your lap while they are groomed, an activity that they particularly enjoy. Another favorite activity is to use a doll to throw over and over and over with you. All types of toys are loved, and they can build a toy out of just about anything. Nature shows are bound to have the Siberians hopping on TV with chirping birds or squeaking mice; they’re going to place their paws on the television and attempt to capture the flashing pictures.

Siberian Cat Health

The Siberian cat is an ordinarily safe breed, although, in certain Siberians, a recognized genetically related condition occurs: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a type of cardiac failure that triggers heart muscle thickening.

To stop raising affected cats and handing it down to subsequent generations, conscientious breeders test their cats for this disease.

Siberian Cat Care

Smart and exceptionally playful, the Siberian cat is. It is understood that the breed is reluctant to develop, requiring as much as five years to graduate from kitten-like antics. This ensures that getting the Siberian cat around is a lot of fun.

This breed likes climbing, exploring, and playing. Expose it to selecting enjoyable toys and playing loads of games to keep your Siberian cat mentally entertained and physically enhanced.

Regularly cut your nails and check your ears for soil and waste. Use a cotton ball and a gentle ear cleanser to wipe the ears out (never stick a cotton swab or anything else down the ear canal). Schedule a checkup for the veterinarian whether the ears appear red or too dirty.

The luxurious, thick, full coat of the Siberian cat may come in any color or pattern, with or without white markings. There are three layers of a triple coat: a thinner, thick undercoat of downy fur (the hair nearest to the skin); a somewhat longer layer of ‘awn hair’ in the middle; and a still more extended layer of an outer coat (called ‘guard hair’).

The Siberian cat will shed a heavy coat in warm weather in favor of a shorter, thinner summer coat. The skin will be at its thickest and longest in winter. The Siberian cat’s coat appears to avoid matting despite its thickness and weight, so it needs only periodic grooming (more during the intense seasonal shed).

Occasional baths can allow loose hair to come out and remove the coat’s dust and dander.

Some deem the Siberian cat to be hypoallergenic, along with its dense, long hair. Allergy sufferers claim that they can survive successfully with a Siberian cat, but no empirical trials support it. As it turned out, Pet dander is the most significant cause for allergies, not just cat fur itself. Many cat-allergic persons are vulnerable to a protein named Fel D1, which is present in the skin cells of cats (as well as dried traces of saliva and urine on the cat). Few cat types, like Siberian cats, tend to develop fewer dander than other cats.

This may mean that Siberian cats elicit little to no allergic reaction for moderate allergy sufferers. Both cats and all humans, though, are distinct. Find a nearby breeder that will encourage you to meet their adult cats to evaluate the hypothesis if you suffer from allergies and are interested in figuring out if you will respond to a Siberian cat.

Siberian Cat Food and Diet

Check with your doctor to pick your Siberian cat’s right food. While it is convenient to dry food, canned food has fewer calories and has a lot of excess humidity. Many cats don’t drink enough water, which, like their kidney function, may impact their overall health. Feed calculated volumes of food, two or three times a day, at scheduled times. Since this may lead to an overweight pet, don’t leave food out every day.

Pros and Cons adopting Siberian Cat

  • Potentially hypoallergenic for specific individuals with allergies


    Affectionate, lively, playful; gets along well with kids and other animals


    May withstand cooler weather and likes to play with water

  • Long fur requires more care than most cats; in colder months, the winter coat sheds

  • A tiny noisemaker who loves mewing, chirping, and trilling a number.

10 Interesting facts about Siberian Cat

The Siberian is a form of domestic semi-longhair cat originating in Siberia (part of Russia). This is an ancient breed that has been around for at least 1.000 years. The thick coat that reflects adaptation to life in extreme, cold forests in subarctic climates is Siberian’s most prominent attribute. In Russian mythology, Siberia plays a significant part. It was used to kill rodents and mice from houses and markets, and nowadays, it is kept mainly as a house pet. Siberian was “recently” brought to the USA (in 1990), considering its long past.

The Siberian is a big cat that can weigh 8 to 17 pounds.

In different colors and designs, Siberian has a broad, dense triple coat and neck ruff. Brown tabby coat for the most common Siberian cats.

Siberian breeds are sometimes listed as hypoallergenic, but this fact has not been clinically established.

The Siberian head is broad at the top, and the muzzle is short. There are large, round yellow-green eyes in Siberian, medium-sized tufted head, muscular torso, big, furry, round hands, and bushy tail.

The Siberian cat is loving, calm, and playful. For families with infants, cats, and cat-friendly pets, it is ideal. Siberian is a highly acrobatic and agile cat, despite its large size, that can quickly climb to the highest point in the house and perform somersault while trying to grab his favorite toy.

The Siberian is a social cat that loves spending time around individuals. It also leads its owners around the house and “takes an interest” in regular activities: meal planning, washing, reading, watching TV…

The Siberian breed is active and smart. It loves playing with feathery and puzzle toys, chasing laser points, jumping, and playing fetch on a large cat tree. Owing to its practice of using all sorts of tiny household objects like toys, the jewelry should be kept away from this adventurous cat.

The Siberian loves playing in the water, unlike many other cats. They love drinking from a tap, splashing water from a dish of water, and playing with water in a lake.

Thanks to its peaceful temperament and willingness to understand the person who requires care, Siberian can be used as a therapy pet. It likes to cuddle, and when appropriate, it does not fail to show moral and physical help.

By chirps, thrills, and purring and meowing noises, the Siberian communicates its desires.

The national cat of Russia is Siberian.

To avoid fur tangling, the Siberian should be brushed once or twice per week.

Siberian girls give birth to five to six kittens. They achieve sexual maturity early, at five months of age, long before they reach adult height.

The Siberian breed usually is right but may suffer from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

The estimated lifetime of Siberian citizens is 11 to 15 years.


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